What's archaeology?

The What’s archaeology? educational kit presents the scientific discipline of archaeology, the archaeological profession as well as authentic artifacts related to the lifeways of the various peoples who have occupied this territory. The following sub-themes are addressed: material culture studies, specialized branches of archaeology, dating methods, physical-chemical analyses and more.

Educational goals

The What’s archaeology? educational kit is mainly dedicated to high school students and the larger public. The main goal is to present the lifeways of the different peoples who have occupied this territory from prehistory to the 20th century through a variety of artifacts and their interpretation. The second goal is to illustrate the different facets of the archaeological profession, including the various analyses and technologies used.

Our educational kits were created in order to support students’ learning and the development of the following competencies.

In the field of Social sciences, elementary school students in Cycles Two and Three learn to:

1) Understand the organization of a society in its territory

  • Identifying traces left by a society
  • Determining location
  • Identifying features of a society’s adaptation to its territory
  • Establishing the geographic and historic contexts of a society

2) Interpret changes in a society and in its territory

  • Recognizing changes in the boundaries of a territory
  • Identifying the causes and consequences of changes

3) Become open to the diversity of societies and their territories

  • Describing similarities and differences in the organization of various societies and their territories

In the field of Science and technology, students are asked to make use of tools and objects and to apply the procedures of science and technology. Every ordinary object, from pocket-knife to bicycle, has a lengthy history that can tell us a great deal about the curiosity, tenacity and imagination of human beings. Our workshops encourage objectivity, rigour and precision.

In the new elementary program, teaching is accomplished through various approaches, including the guidance-oriented approach. This approach is designed to present different occupational fields, encourage the development of personal qualities (for example, creativity, self-confidence, tenacity, audacity, self-knowledge) and foster the ability to choose. The approach is based on students’ involvement in diverse projects and, at the same time, gives students an understanding of the world of work, ownership of a project, etc. The presence of an archaeologist in the classroom is an important asset in the context of this approach.

Specific goals of the What's archaeology? educational kit:

  • Knowledge of the spatial-temporal framework discussed
  • Understanding the terms “artifact”, “ecofact”, “immovable remains”, and “stratigraphy”
  • Knowledge of the methods of analyzing an artifact
  • Classifying an artifact according to its main characteristics
  • Associating an artifact to one of the peoples studied in class
  • Analyzing the different characteristics of an artifact
  • Explaining the lifeways of the different peoples studied through a theme
  • Knowledge of archaeological sites and interpretation centers